Abbreviations

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ACBS 

Advisory Committee on Borderline Substances

IHD

ischaemic heart disease

ACE

angiotensin-converting enzyme

INR     

international normalised ratio

ALT    

alanine aminotransferase

IV

intravenous

BMI    

body mass index

LFT

liver function test

CD2/CD3

preparations subject to prescription requirements of the Misuse of Drugs Regulations; see BNF

MAS

Minor Ailments Service

CNS   

central nervous system

MHRA

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

COC   

combined oral contraceptive

MI

myocardial infarction

COPD 

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

m/r

modified-release

COX-2

cyclo-oxygenase-2

MRSA

methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

CSM

Committee on the Safety of Medicines

NICE  

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

CVD

cardiovascular disease

NNT   

number needed to treat

DPP-4

dipeptidylpeptidase-4

NSAID

non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

DVT    

deep vein thrombosis

OTC

available for purchase in pharmacies; may be available in other retail outlets

DXA

dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry

PE

pulmonary embolism

e/c

enteric-coated

PPI

proton pump inhibitor

ECG   

electrocardiogram

S

for initiation only on the advice of, or prescription by, a hospital specialist

eGFR

estimated glomerular filtration rate

SIGN  

Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network

ESR    

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

SLS

selected list scheme

FBC

full blood count

SMC

Scottish Medicines Consortium

FEV    

forced expiratory volume

SPC

Summary of Product Characteristics

GI

gastro-intestinal

TIA     

transient ischaemic attack

GLP-1

glucagon-like peptide-1

TFT

thyroid function test    

                       

GORD

gastro-oesophageal reflux disease

TPN

total parenteral nutrition         

Hb

haemoglobin

U&E

urea and electrolytes

HbA1C

glycosylated haemoglobin      

WCC

white cell count

HIS

Health Improvement Scotland

newly licensed medicine under intensive monitoring by CSM/MHRA                           

Hp

Helicobacter pylori

> 

Greater than

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

< 

Less than

 IM

intramuscular