Use the toilet more often – Young children will often hold their pee in for long periods of time to avoid taking breaks from play. Some children who have experienced UTIs might also avoid peeing due to the pain they experienced before. Ideally children should pee every 2 -3 hours, this could be incorporated into a daily routine.
Empty the bladder completely – Some children will not empty their bladder completely as they may be anxious to get back to their activity. They can become so used to doing this the bladder tightens in the middle of peeing so they stop too early. Ask your child to double pee – trying to pee again immediately after peeing and will promote better emptying.
Proper Wiping- Girls should be encouraged to wipe from front to back – this helps minimise the chance of bacteria entering the urethra. Also make sure they know not to use the toilet tissue that was used to wipe their bottom to wipe their urethra
Clothing Choices – loose fitting cotton underpants are recommended as it allows better air circulation. If your child cannot control when they go to the bathroom they should be changed frequently, as moisture can allow bacteria to grow causing infection
Avoid bubble baths - all children should avoid bubble baths with frothy soap as it can cause skin irritation around the genitalia. Showers or regular baths are fine.
Stay Hydrated – your child’s pee should be a light colour, almost like water. The more they drink, the more they will pee. Keeping the bladder flushed frequently will keep it healthy. If the urine is dark in colour it is more likely to sting and make them want to hold their pee in.
Avoid constipation – Children should ideally have one bowel movement a day. Children that hold stool in are more likely to hold urine in. When there is stool in the lower part of the bowel, it is in closer proximity to the urethra. Staying hydrated can help prevent constipation, however some children may need further help.
Cranberry Juice – Some feel that drinking cranberry juice or taking cranberry supplements will help to prevent UTI’s. Evidence of benefit in children is unclear and recent trials have shown no benefit but also no harm.
Probiotics– These are not recommended as they have not been shown to have any benefit in preventing UTI’s in children.